UrbInSuRe Center aims to use “big data” and Informatics to create smarter and more livable cities. Over half of the world’s population currently lives in urban areas, a number predicted to grow to 60 percent by 2030. Urban areas face unprecedented and growing challenges that endanger both human and ecosystem health, such as: inner-city food deserts, health problems, and poverty; urban sprawl and inefficient transport leading to chronic pollution problems; increased flooding, droughts, sea level rise, and severe storms from climate change. Currently cities lack knowledge and technologies to address these “wicked” problems, for which no single discipline or approach can be applied because they involve “systems of systems”. Our unifying theme will be water system grand challenges, such as increasing severe storms and nutrient problems at large scales, including their mutual interconnections with other key urban systems (transportation, food, energy, social, economic, and other environmental systems).
Cities are recognizing that the increasing stream of data and information (“Big Data”) and modeling can support rapid advances on these challenges. The objective of UrbInSuRe is to partner university researchers with city planners, policy makers, engineers, and others to address these challenges, leveraging and advancing a prototype transformative technology platform and collaborative process. Novel methods for synthesizing data from the Web and community partners, low-cost sensing and robotics, and social computing will be combined with data-driven modeling at multiple spatial and temporal scales to support adaptive, information-based, and smart decisions. Specifically, UrbInSuRe will: