The Brown Dog DTS is a highly extensible/distributed service providing a uniform means of managing and accessing transformation capabilities within the web. Utilized tools can come in the form of command line applications, GUI driven applications, libraries, and/or other services. Here we go over the process of preparing a new transformation tool, either an extractor or a converter, for usage with the DTS.
Here is described the entire process for taking a working piece of code and deploying it as a Brown Dog Extractor. It is assumed that the method can be invoked from a single call. In this example, we are using the python extractor wrapper and will invoke a python function. In a very similar fashion, a method developed in a language other than python can be invoked using subprocess.
The main steps:
- Wrap the tool for use as an extractor in Clowder (and through that Brown Dog)
- Dockerize the extractor
- Deploy the extractor
- Add the extractor to the Tools Catalog
A few assumptions are that you have a tool that extracts some kind of metadata from a file or dataset and that you have installed Python, Git, and Docker as well as any other specific software needed by your extractor (if any) on your computer.
1. Install pyClowder2
Install pyClowder2, which is a Python library that helps to easily communicate with Clowder - the backend services of Brown Dog which handles extractions. The advantage of using this library is that it manages all communications with Clowder and RabbitMQ (the distributed messaging bus) and the developer doesn't have to take care of such tasks. Needless to say, an extractor can also be written in native Python without the use of pyClowder2, but it would be more time consuming.
2. Get Your Code Together
We have developed a template extractor written in Python. It is a simple wordcount extractor that counts lines, words, and characters in a text file. Clone the template extractor and rename the directory to an appropriate name that reflects the purpose of your extractor.
Make changes to extractors.py (main program). Consider the process_file method as the main method of an extractor and accordingly it needs to contain the main logic. You can call other methods in your python code from this method after importing necessary modules into this file.
3. Edit the Configuration
Edit extractor configuration file config.py:
Change the rabbitmq queue name - in this case replace "wordCount" with an appropriate name for your extractor
- Change the messageType field to reflect the MIME type(s) of the file for which you are writing the extractor
- Update other fields like rabbitmqURL, rabbitmqExchange, sslVerify, to include
- If your extractor needs other custom parameters, they need to be added to config.py
4. Edit extractor.info.json
This file contains metadata about the extractor in JSON-LD format. Update all relevant fields as needed.
5. Edit the Dockerfile
Update the Dockerfile to install your software dependencies, provide necessary instructions in Dockerfile using the RUN command. You will need to add a line in Dockerfile to switch to the root user (
USER root) for getting proper permissions. For e.g., to install ImageMagick package using apt-get, add the following commands to Dockerfile:
6. Test Docker
You can test your extractor as follows:
You should see the following in the terminal. This means that the extractor is running and waiting for messages:
In this section, we describe the creation of a converter using the image converter written using ImageMagick.
Get the template converter code.
We have developed a template or example converter. It is a simple image converter that images between different formats using ImageMagick tool. Clone the template converter and rename the directory to an appropriate name that reflects the purpose of your converter
- Rename and edit ImageMagick_convert.sh script to wrap your converter logic. This script file should be named in the format <alias>_convert.<script_type>. Here <alias> needs to be replaced by the name of the conversion tool with which the converter registers with Polyglot and <script_type> needs to be replaced by the extension of the script (e.g. py, sh, etc.). For the sake of ease of explanation, we will rename the script file as MyTool_convert.sh. This script accepts three parameters:
- Full path to input file
- Full path to output file (including filename)
Full local path to available scratch space (optional)
- First line is the shebang line
- Second line contains the name of the converter followed by version if any
- Third line refers to the type of the data that it can convert
- Fourth line contains a comma-separated list of input file formats accepted by this converter
- Fifth line contains a comma-separated list of output file formats that this converter can generate
- This is followed by the actual code that does conversion.
Modify Dockerfile in the converter directory to replace ImageMagick with MyTool. Specifically change line numbers 11, 15, 16 and 17. You need to also change other fields like maintainer and may need to add instructions to install any specific software required by your converter. For example, you can see instruction to install ImageMagick software in the example Dockerfile:
Build the Dockerfile and start the converter
Usage of BD-tmux
- After downloading BD-tmux, users can simply run bash script under command-line to start BD-tmux.
The BD-tmux script will split your terminal into panes and start each of the services needed for the Brown Dog Data Transformation Services. It provides a useful and convenient way to view the logs of running services in panes.
There is an example to perform a conversion from jpg to bmp.
- To do extraction, users need to login local Clowder Web Service (http://user_machine_ipaddress:9000 with username: firstname.lastname@example.org and password testing0909) to accept ''Terms of Service'', then run bd commands as below example: